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De l’acte d’abandon des déchets vers un partage des responsabilités dans la gestion des résidus solides au Brésil : Application à la ville de Fortaleza

Abstract : This dissertation aims to better understand what the meaning of waste is, for people who create, generate and manage it. From the study of both formal and informal systems of production and waste management, it is an invitation to question our responsibility and our actions (or absence of action) in relation to waste. Besides, it questions the coherence between feeling, thinking about and acting for waste. From this link between thought, sensation, and action, is a change of behaviour possible in each individual towards waste and, consequently in the way of dealing with the management of waste? This question is analyzed by highlighting the concept of “act of abandonment of waste” in urban spaces, as well as “wild deposits” within these same spaces. The analysis centers in the case of the city of Fortaleza in Brazil, which is a touristic area. It is the capital of the State of Ceará, recognized for its beauty but also for its social disparities. Beyond waste in itself, the approach considers all the involved ones (stakeholders), functions, and spaces, implied in waste production and its shared management. The research questions the evolution of waste management policies in Brazil in their complexity. This is done through a methodology that combines the interpretative approach, psychology of the environment, “garbology” and cartography combining dumps (symptomatic of waste dumping) and the actors’ characteristics. Since the establishment of the 2010 Brazilian Policy of Solid Residues, new potentialities have emerged and allowed to glimpse a virtuous circle around waste : as a vector of social and environmental transformation, which turns around current meanings of and perceptions waste. Indeed, the infra-urban disparities reflect this sidelining of waste and remain strong, with waste rejected by the patrimonial and tourist zones, and relegated to precarious suburbs. However, the detailed study of the circuit of waste and of related actors, allows us to highlight a potential valuation for their shared management, on the economic, environmental, and social (social including, among other elements, behaviours and environmental education), level based on the existing.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 26, 2020 - 1:04:59 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02881686, version 2

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Maria Eulaidia De Araujo. De l’acte d’abandon des déchets vers un partage des responsabilités dans la gestion des résidus solides au Brésil : Application à la ville de Fortaleza. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEI051⟩. ⟨tel-02881686v2⟩

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