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Journal Articles Physical Review A : Atomic, molecular, and optical physics Year : 2020

Nonequilibrium scenarios in cluster-forming quantum lattice models

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Adriano Angelone
  • Function : Author
Tao Ying
  • Function : Author
Fabio Mezzacapo
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1056526
Guido Masella
  • Function : Author
Marcello Dalmonte
  • Function : Author
Guido Pupillo
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We investigate the out-of-equilibrium physics of monodisperse bosonic ensembles on a square lattice. The effective Hamiltonian description of these systems is given in terms of an extended Hubbard model with cluster-forming interactions relevant to experimental realizations with cold Rydberg-dressed atoms. The ground state of the model, recently investigated in Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 045301 (2019), features, aside from a superfluid and a stripe crystalline phase occurring at small and large interaction strength $V$, respectively, a rare first-order transition between an isotropic and an anisotropic stripe supersolid at intermediate $V$. By means of quantum Monte Carlo calculations we show that the equilibrium crystal may be turned into a glass by simulated temperature quenches and that out-of-equilibrium isotropic (super)solid states may emerge also when their equilibrium counterparts are anisotropic. These out-of-equilibrium states are of experimental interest, their excess energy with respect to the ground state being within the energy window typically accessed in cold atom experiments. We find, after quenching, no evidence of coexistence between superfluid and glassy behavior. Such an absence of superglassiness is qualitatively explained.

Dates and versions

ensl-03022869 , version 1 (25-11-2020)

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Adriano Angelone, Tao Ying, Fabio Mezzacapo, Guido Masella, Marcello Dalmonte, et al.. Nonequilibrium scenarios in cluster-forming quantum lattice models. Physical Review A : Atomic, molecular, and optical physics, 2020, 101, pp.063603. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.101.063603⟩. ⟨ensl-03022869⟩
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