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Journal Articles Physical Review E Year : 2020

Memory effects in glasses: Insights into the thermodynamics of out-of-equilibrium systems revealed by a simple model of the Kovacs effect

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Abstract

Glasses are interesting materials because they allow us to explore the puzzling properties of out-of-equilibrium systems. One of them is the Kovacs effect in which a glass, brought to an out-of-equilibrium state in which all its thermodynamic variables are identical to those of an equilibrium state, nevertheless evolves, showing a hump in some global variable before the thermodynamic variables come back to their starting point. We show that a simple three-state system is sufficient to study this phenomenon using numerical integrations and exact analytical calculations. It also brings some light on the concept of fictive temperature, often used to extend standard thermodynamics to the out-of-equilibrium properties of glasses. We confirm that the concept of a unique fictive temperature is not valid, an show it can be extended to make a connection with the various relaxation processes in the system. The model also brings further insights on the thermodynamics of out-of-equilibrium systems. Moreover we show that the three-state model is able to describe various effects observed in glasses such as the asymmetric relaxation to equilibrium discussed by Kovacs, or the reverse crossover measured on B2O3.
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ensl-03015917 , version 1 (20-11-2020)

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Michel Peyrard, Jean-Luc Garden. Memory effects in glasses: Insights into the thermodynamics of out-of-equilibrium systems revealed by a simple model of the Kovacs effect. Physical Review E , 2020, 102 (5), pp.052122. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.102.052122⟩. ⟨ensl-03015917⟩
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