Capillary force on a tilted cylinder: Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) measurements

Abstract : HYPOTHESIS: The capillary force in situations where the liquid meniscus is asymmetric, such as the one around a tilted object, has been hitherto barely investigated even though these situations are very common in practice. In particular, the capillary force exerted on a tilted object may depend on the dipping angle i. EXPERIMENTS: We investigate experimentally the capillary force that applies on a tilted cylinder as a function of its dipping angle i, using a home-built tilting Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) with custom made probes. A micrometric-size rod is glued at the end of an AFM cantilever of known stiffness, whose deflection is measured when the cylindrical probe is dipped in and retracted from reference liquids. FINDINGS: We show that a torque correction is necessary to understand the measured deflection. We give the explicit expression of this correction as a function of the probes' geometrical parameters, so that its magnitude can be readily evaluated. The results are compatible with a vertical capillary force varying as 1/cosi, in agreement with a recent theoretical prediction. Finally, we discuss the accuracy of the method for measuring the surface tension times the cosine of the contact angle of the liquid on the probe.
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https://hal-ens-lyon.archives-ouvertes.fr/ensl-01639815
Contributor : Audrey Steinberger <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 20, 2017 - 4:08:28 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 19, 2018 - 2:54:04 PM

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Audrey Steinberger, Sebastien Kosgodagan Acharige, Justine Laurent. Capillary force on a tilted cylinder: Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) measurements. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2017, 505, pp.1118 - 1124. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2017.06.095⟩. ⟨ensl-01639815⟩

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