The infrared eye of the Wide-Field Camera 3 on the Hubble Space Telescope reveals multiple main sequences of very low-mass stars in NGC 2808

Abstract : We use images taken with the infrared channel of the Wide Field Camera 3 on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to study the multiple main sequences (MSs) of NGC 2808. Below the turn off, the red, the middle, and the blue MS, previously detected from visual-band photometry, are visible over an interval of about 3.5 F160W magnitudes. The three MSs merge together at the level of the MS bend. At fainter magnitudes, the MS again splits into two components containing ~65% and ~35% of stars, with the most-populated MS being the bluest one. Theoretical isochrones suggest that the latter is connected to the red MS discovered in the optical color-magnitude diagram (CMD), and hence corresponds to the first stellar generation, having primordial helium and enhanced carbon and oxygen abundances. The less-populated MS in the faint part of the near-IR CMD is helium-rich and poor in carbon and oxygen, and it can be associated with the middle and the blue MS of the optical CMD. The finding that the photometric signature of abundance anticorrelation are also present in fully convective MS stars reinforces the inference that they have a primordial origin.
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The Astrophysical journal letters, Bristol : IOP Publishing, 2012, 754 (2), pp.L34. 〈10.1088/2041-8205/754/2/L34〉
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Contributeur : France Allard <>
Soumis le : jeudi 20 décembre 2012 - 17:48:35
Dernière modification le : lundi 25 juin 2018 - 15:50:03

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A. P. Milone, A. F. Marino, S. Cassisi, G. Piotto, L. R. Bedin, et al.. The infrared eye of the Wide-Field Camera 3 on the Hubble Space Telescope reveals multiple main sequences of very low-mass stars in NGC 2808. The Astrophysical journal letters, Bristol : IOP Publishing, 2012, 754 (2), pp.L34. 〈10.1088/2041-8205/754/2/L34〉. 〈ensl-00768052〉

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