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Experimental evidence of non-Gaussian fluctuations near a critical point.

Abstract : The orientation fluctuations of the director of a liquid crystal are measured, by a sensitive polarization interferometer, close to the Fréedericksz transition, which is a second order transition driven by an electric field. We show that near the critical value of the field the spatially averaged order parameter has a generalized Gumbel distribution instead of a Gaussian one. The latter is recovered away from the critical point. The relevance of slow modes is pointed out. The parameter of generalized Gumbel is related to the effective number of degrees of freedom.
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Contributor : Sergio Ciliberto Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 13, 2008 - 3:49:45 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - 8:40:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 20, 2010 - 8:21:05 PM


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  • HAL Id : ensl-00255014, version 1
  • ARXIV : 0802.1839



Sylvain Joubaud, Artem Petrosyan, Sergio Ciliberto, Nicolas B. Garnier. Experimental evidence of non-Gaussian fluctuations near a critical point.. 2008. ⟨ensl-00255014v1⟩



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