Experimental evidence of non-Gaussian fluctuations near a critical point.

Abstract : The orientation fluctuations of the director of a liquid crystal are measured, by a sensitive polarization interferometer, close to the Fréedericksz transition, which is a second order transition driven by an electric field. We show that near the critical value of the field the spatially averaged order parameter has a generalized Gumbel distribution instead of a Gaussian one. The latter is recovered away from the critical point. The relevance of slow modes is pointed out. The parameter of generalized Gumbel is related to the effective number of degrees of freedom.
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-ens-lyon.archives-ouvertes.fr/ensl-00255014
Contributor : Sergio Ciliberto <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 13, 2008 - 3:49:45 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 19, 2018 - 2:54:03 PM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, May 20, 2010 - 8:21:05 PM

Files

liquid_cristal_11.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : ensl-00255014, version 1
  • ARXIV : 0802.1839

Collections

Citation

Sylvain Joubaud, Artem Petrosyan, Sergio Ciliberto, Nicolas Garnier. Experimental evidence of non-Gaussian fluctuations near a critical point.. 2008. ⟨ensl-00255014v1⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

2

Files downloads

24