Localized instability of a granular layer submitted to an ascending liquid flow

Abstract : Using a very simple experimental setup, we study the response of a thin layer of immersed granular material to an ascending liquid-flow; a pressure difference Delta P is imposed between the two horizontal free surfaces of a thin layer of glass beads, such that the liquid tends to flow upwards, and the resulting flow-rate v is measured. As generally observed in fluidized beds, the layer destabilizes when the pressure force exactly compensates the weight of the grains. At the free surface, one then observes the formation of a localized fountain of granular material the characteristic size of which is found to be proportional to the grain size and, surprizingly, independent of both the flow-rate and the thickness of the granular layer. Simple theoretical arguments account for the main experimental features.
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  • HAL Id : ensl-00180268, version 1

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Patrick Rigord, Alessio Guarino, Valérie Vidal, Jean-Christophe Géminard. Localized instability of a granular layer submitted to an ascending liquid flow. Granular Matter, Springer Verlag, 2005, 7 (4), pp.191-197. ⟨ensl-00180268⟩

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