Statistical properties of microcracking in polyurethane foams under tensile test, influence of temperature and density

Abstract : We report tensile failure experiments on polyurethane (PU) foams. Experiments have been performed by imposing a constant strain rate. We work on heterogeneous materials for whom the failure does not occur suddenly and can develop as a multistep process through a succession of microcracks that end at pores. The acoustic energy and the waiting times between acoustic events follow power-law distributions. This remains true while the foam density is varied. However, experiments at low temperatures (PU foams more brittle) have not yielded power-laws for the waiting times. The cumulative acoustic energy has no power law divergence at the proximity of the failure point which is qualitatively in agreement with other experiments done at imposed strain. We notice a plateau in cumulative acoustic energy that seems to occur when a single crack starts to propagate.
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International Journal of Fracture, Springer Verlag, 2006, 140 (1-4), pp.87. 〈10.1007/s10704-006-0051-1〉
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Soumis le : mardi 26 juin 2007 - 08:30:37
Dernière modification le : vendredi 26 octobre 2018 - 10:47:09
Document(s) archivé(s) le : jeudi 8 avril 2010 - 21:24:13

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Stéphanie Deschanel, Loïc Vanel, Gérard Vigier, Nathalie Godin, Sergio Ciliberto. Statistical properties of microcracking in polyurethane foams under tensile test, influence of temperature and density. International Journal of Fracture, Springer Verlag, 2006, 140 (1-4), pp.87. 〈10.1007/s10704-006-0051-1〉. 〈ensl-00156937〉

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