Transition post socialiste et vulnérabilité urbaine à Bucarest

Abstract : Transition periods correspond to a reinforcement of vulnerability for the authors of "The Environment as Hazard". This study tries to verify this assertion in the case of the end of socialism based upon the example of Bucharest. It starts from the assumption that there is an articulation between, on the one hand, the transformations of the “transition” period and, on the other hand, the metropolis as a “crucible” of hazard. Then, it tries to determine whether there was an increase in vulnerability in Bucharest during the last fifteen years. The various dimensions of vulnerability are analyzed according to five successive approaches: historical, epistemological, territorial, through the practices and risk management institutions and lastly risk perception. Through this journey, the study finds two types of results. First, the “transition” period resulted in a convergence of the reinforcement of the various dimensions of vulnerability, which leads in some cases to highly alarming situations. Then, the methods designed lead to two applications that go largely beyond the case of Bucharest: a new approach to vulnerability assessment and a new risk perception framework.
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Samuel Rufat. Transition post socialiste et vulnérabilité urbaine à Bucarest. Géographie. Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon; Université de Bucarest, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-01999981⟩

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